Cognitive Therapy | Cognitive Behavioural Therapy | CBT
Cognitive Therapy is also known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and CBT
It is a widely used approach in the NHS and has an excellent evidence base that underpins its success
In brief, the theory behind CBT is that we can alter unwanted behaviours through changing the negative automatic thoughts (NATs) that cause or drive negative emotions and feelings that lead to unwanted behaviours. The result is that different thoughts replace the NATs, hence changing the resulting emotions and feelings thus changing behaviour
CBT is a highly structured approach in therapy. As a person works through the process, part of that process is to rate the level of emotions and feelings instigated by NATs and then re-rate them after they have worked through the process of challenging them
While receiving therapy, the person learns how to use the 'CBT tools' - it is part of the therapist's role to teach him or her how to use the tools - and by the end of therapy, the person is equipped to manage their behaviour
What kind of problems is CBT good for?
CBT has an excellent track record across a wide range of problems: anxiety - including OCD and PTSD; depression; even psychoses such as schizophrenia. It also works well for many people who have distressing tinnitus, an area of work in which I have specialised for many years. It can be used in pain management, anger management - the list is virtually endless
Is CBT something that works for everyone?
In short, no. If it was, there would be no need for other 'schools' of psychotherapy or counselling. However, as with other types of therapy, the success of CBT is as dependent upon the skill of the therapist as it is upon the needs of the person attending therapy